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Their structure, composition, and terrestrial relations

by O. C. Farrington, Ph. D.

curator of geology field musium of natural history

Chicago, U. S. A. 1915 published by the author

This HTML version with page images produced by Eric Hutton 1999;
Either pick a page number to start at, or choose from the contents listed below. The book also has two indexes, a General Index and a Index of Meteorites

List of Illustrations

1. General Characters and Nomenclature
2. Phenomena of Fall
3. Geographical Distribution of Meteorites
4. Times of Fall
5. Showers
6. Size of Meteorites
7. Forms of Meteorites
8. Crusts
9. Viens
10. Structure of Meteorites
   a. Irons
   b. Iron-Stones
   c. Stones
11. Composition of Meteorites
12. Classification
13. Origin
14. Terrestrial Relations
15. Meteorite Collections

List of Illustrations
Frontispiece The Bacubirito, Mexico, Meteorite
 1. Fall of the Tabory meteorite
 2. Fall of the Agram meteorite
 3. Fall of the Knyahinya meteorite
 4. Hole made by the St. Michel meteorite
 5. Meteor Crater, Arizona
 6. Craters of the Moon
 7. Old drawing perhaps representing a fall of meteorites
 8. Diagram showing effect of observer's position on apparent paths of meteorites
 9. Curve of meteorite falls by months
10. Curve of meteorite falls by hours
11. Diagram showing relation of time of day to velocities of meteorites
12. Distribution of individuals of the Homestead meteorite shower
13. Individuals of the Orgueil, France, meteorite shower
14. The Cape York, Greenland meteorite
15. The Willamette, Oregon, meteorite
16. El Morito, Mexico, meteorite
17. Diagram showing development of conical form
18. Front and rear sides of Cabin Creek meteorite
19. Front side of Goalpara meteorite
20. The Jonzac meteorite
21. Side view of the Willamette meteorite
22. The Long Island meteorite
23. Side and front views of the Bath Furnace meteorite
24. Front and side views of the Algoma meteorite
25. Charlotte and Boogaldi meteorite
26. Front end of the Boogaldi meteorite
27. Etched section of the Boogaldi meteorite
28. The Babb's Mill meteorite
29. The Tuscon meteorite
30. The Hex River and Kokstad meteorites
31. Crust of the Charlotte meteorite
32. Surface of the Juncal meteorite
33. Microscopic section of crust of Mocs meteorite
34. Enlarged view of vein of Mocs meteorite
35. Slickensided surface of Long Island meteorite
36. Etching figures of the Red River meteorite
37. Etching figures parallel to an octahedral face
38. Etching figures parallel to a cubic face
39. Etching figures parallel to a dodecahedral face
40. Etching figures parallel to an asymmetrical face
41. Tesselated octahedral figures
42. Etching figures of a cubic meteorite
43. Etching figures of a Toluca meteorite before and after heating
44. Chondri of the Homestead meteorite as seen under the microscope
45. Large chondrus enclosing a small one as seen under the microscope
46. Microscopic section of the Mezö Madaras meteorite
47. Drawing of Pyrrhotite crystal from the Juvinas meteorite
48. Reichenbach Lamellae
49. Perforated Canyon Diablo meteorite
50. Brezina's lamellae
51. Drawings of Anorthite crystals from the Juvinas meteorite
52. Drawing of an Enstatite crystal from the Steinbach meteorite
53. Drawing of an Enstatite crystal from the Steinbach meteorite
54. Drawing of a Diopside? crystal from the Juvinas meteorite
55. Drawing of an Augite crystal from the Juvinas meteorite
56. Forms of Chrysolite from the Pallas meteorite
57. Common forms of meteoritic Chrysolite
58. Typical arrangements of Chrysolite lamellae
59. Effect of Earth's gravitation on bodies of different velocities
60. Daniel's Comet
61. A shooting star trail showing increase in brightness
62. The planet Saturn and its rings
63. Moving the Cape York meteorite in New York city
64. Town hall at Elbogen, Bohemia, in which a meteorite has hung for five centuries
65. Meteorite collection of the field musuem of natural history
Three reasons may be assigned for ascribing peculiar interest to the study of meteorites:
First. They are our only tangible sources of knowledge regarding the universe beyond us.
Second. They are portions of extra-terrestrial bodies.
Third. They are a part of the economy of Nature. No survey of Nature can be considered complete which does not include an account of them.

For these and other reasons the writer has long experienced a fascination and delight in the study of these bodies. In seeking works for his guidance, however, be has found a lamentable lack of any which treated the subject comprehensively. While some phases of the subject and the characteristics of many individual falls have been investigated with admirable thoroughness, the subject as a whole has not received extensive treatment. The admirable Meteoritenkunde of Cohen would have left little to be desired had its author been permitted to carry out his broadly conceived plan, but this privilege was unfortunately denied him. Meunier's Meteorites has not been revised in recent years and Fletcher's Introduction, while a model of its kind, is limited in its scope. That the present writer has been greatly assisted by the above works and many others in the preparation of this one needs hardly to be stated. Detailed references to these works, however, were deemed to be impracticable except where it was thought that a fuller treatment of certain subjects might be desired by some readers. In such cases references have been given.

Much assistance in the preparation of illustrations for this work was given the writer by the late Prof. Henry A. Ward. Mr. D. M. Barringer generously furnished photographs of Meteor Crater, Arizona, and the writer is indebted to the Journal of Geology through its editor, Prof. T. C. Chamberlin, for the loan of several cuts.